Give your skincare extra power through knowledge — know your ingredients. When you’re more aware of what’s in your skincare, you have more control over how your skin looks. Using the right ingredients can help you get there; however, if you’re not aware of the wrong ones, it can mean disaster for your complexion.
Here at OROGOLD, we blend many different types of ingredients like Peptides, Hydroxy Acids and other building blocks for better-looking skin. We believe in using the best ingredients to give you glowing skin, and also providing knowledge of these ingredients so you can choose what you need. This glossary is designed to help you do just that.
Table of Contents:
Various plant extracts are often used in skincare products, and for good reason. These botanicals have beneficial properties for your skin and are well suited for those who want to opt for skincare regimen closer to nature. However, if you applied the plant itself directly to your skin, you might not get the effect that you’re looking for. By concentrating the botanicals in extract form, you’ll get the most benefits for your skin. Extracts are more productive, getting you the results you want faster. Different botanical extracts can often be blended to produce an even stronger formula, and we at OROGOLD carefully blend our botanicals to get the best results.
Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract)
This extract is derived from the succulent Aloe plant and has been used in skincare for centuries. Its nutrients can help reduce redness and inflammation, defend skin from UV damage, mend skin and lighten scars and help retain moisture. Its natural Salicylic Acid content helps with keeping skin looking young and preventing acne while its antibacterial properties fight against infection and are gentle enough to treat delicate skin conditions such as psoriasis and itchy skin.
Bilberry Extract (Vaccinium Myrtillus Fruit Extract)
Bilberries contain numerous antioxidants to help skin look its best. These include Anthocyanosides to help increase circulation near the eye area, Bioflavonoids to neutralize oxygen and help fight free radicals, and Vitamin C to help increase the production of collagen.
This Irish Moss Seaweed is soothing. Perfect for extra-sensitive skin that can’t take even the most gentle extracts. This compound is excellent for those who may be suffering from eczema and psoriasis and may not be able to use traditional products.
Green Tea Extract (Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract)
Green Tea’s properties for inner health are well known, but the benefits of external application of the Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract are also impressive. The antioxidants in green tea have numerous benefits for your skin, whether it’s helping naturally moisturize or fight free radicals that age. It also can help increase the production of amino acids and enzymes, thus rejuvenating the skin.
Marigold Extract (Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract)
Also known as Marigold flower, this extract is a common wound healer and has anti-inflammatory properties. It’s gentle enough to be used on sensitive skin while strong enough to help in repairing skin.
Olive Extract (Olea Europaea Extract)
Olive oil, leaves and fruit have been used for centuries in skin treatments, improving skin elasticity, increasing moisture through its fatty acids and preventing damage from harmful outer elements through its antioxidants. Used as a natural base, Olive Extracts are excellent for dry, sensitive or mature skin that may need extra care.
Hydroxy acid refers to a category of synthetic compounds that are manufactured in order to assist in the exfoliation and peeling process of the skin. Most commercial skin care products use hydroxy acids in concentrations of 10% or lesser. The main advantage offered by hydroxyl acids is that they assist the human body to shed off its dead skin cells. There are two types of hydroxy acids – Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHA). The difference between the two lies in their oil solubility. AHAs are considered to be water soluble whereas BHAs are considered to be oil soluble. Therefore, AHAs are usually suited for the outer layers of the skin, while BHAs manage to penetrate into the inner layers and exfoliate the dead skin cells built up within the pores.
A common Alpha Hydroxy Acid, Citric Acid can help treat common skin discoloration that occurs during aging as well as reverse the appearance of photo damage and solar elastosis. Citric Acid can also help firm up skin by building up the middle layer of the epidermis, which allows for suppleness in the skin.
Coming from sour dairy products and fermented fruits and vegetables, Lactic Acid is also an Alpha Hydroxy Acid that can not only slough off dead skin but also provide effective hydration and treat inflammation from acne. It can also be used to treat different skin conditions that may not respond well to harsh chemicals.
Lemon Extract (Citrus Medica Limonum Extarct)
Containing the highest Vitamin C percentage of all fruits, lemon extract and oil derived from the have an astringent and antiseptic quality that treats oily skin well, brightens dull skin and soothes acne. However, its strength is not only in its flesh, but also in its scent, as its aromatherapy properties are strong.
This acid, derived from apples, can help reduce age spots, remove the dead outer layer of skin cells, reduce the symptoms of Rosacea and fade the signs of Melasma. It can also tighten pores, reduce age spots and freckles and give you the cellular renewal that your skin needs.
Orange Extract (Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract)
This Vitamin C-rich extract is great for collagen production and antibacterial fighting properties. However, it is also useful for its exfoliant properties, ability to treat acne and dermatitis, brighten skin tone, stimulate cell growth and reduce fine lines.
Salicylic Acid (Beta Hydroxy Acid)
Also known as Beta Hydroxy Acid, Salicylic Acid is a powerful acne fighter and commonly found in most blemish fighters, penetrating deep to remove excess oil. In addition to its ability to spot treatment, this ingredient also has anti-aging benefits, being able to exfoliate and help prevent the damage from ultraviolet rays.
Sugar Cane Extract (Saccharum Officinarum Extract)
Packed with Glycolic Acid, this ingredient reduces the growth of Melanin, which is the cause of excess skin pigmentation. It also helps remove dead skin cells, unclogs pores and offers skin extra protection against ultraviolet rays.
Sugar Maple Extract (Acer Saccharum Extract)
This Alpha Hydroxy Acid is from the sugar maple tree and is intended to fight free radicals and rehabilitate damaged cells. It also helps supports the work of the lymphatic system, which helps your skin detoxify and purify itself, allowing for new cell regrowth.
Very similar to proteins, peptides occur when amino acids react to a group of other amino acids. Peptides have rather short chains in comparison to proteins that need at least 50 amino acids have to join together. Peptides are vital for basic functions, from neurotransmitters to producing collagen, a vital protein for skin to look youthful and remain plump. These proteins are part of the chemical makeup of our bodies, but when we age we begin to lose them. When peptides are around, they penetrate deep into skin to help repair damaged proteins, including collagen, and rebuild destroyed proteins, helping the body fight the signs of aging.
One of the most important peptides available, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide helps link Collagen and Hyaluronic Acid with the skin, keeping the skin plump by helping it retain natural moisture. Studies have shown that this ingredient also helps in protecting against damaging UV rays from the sun and imitates the positive effects of Retinol. An ingredient which imitates Retinol is especially beneficial because the benefits of Retinol can be outweighed by the highly damaging side effects.
More widely known under the brand name Argireline, this ingredient is manufactured in a lab to be chemically similar to Botox which helps prevent wrinkles. Like Botox, Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 minimizes muscle contractions, thus reducing the appearance of wrinkles, particularly around the eye area and on the forehead. The huge benefit to this ingredient is that it does not need to be injected into the skin but can be applied topically. If used every day for 30 days, studies have shown that it can decrease the appearance of wrinkles by 30%.
Vitamins are not only good for the inside of your body, but can also be used on the outside to help minimize the signs of aging. Natural occurring vitamins can help reduce the damage from normal aging, the sun and pollutants known as free radicals. Free radicals can not only dull and destroy your skin but increase inflammation and the likelihood of skin cancer. These vitamins and essential nutrients, combined with the capability of antioxidants, can help give you a brighter complexion by minimizing the appearance of aging, encouraging the production of collagen and reducing sun damage. This allows your natural radiant glow to shine through and makes your skin healthier.
Vitamin A (Retinyl Palmitate)
Derived from Vitamin A, the particles of Retinyl Palmitate are small enough to be able to go deep into the skin to help treat acne, reduce the visibility of wrinkles, smooth skin texture and help minimize pore size. Although Vitamin A is often found in healthy foods, topical versions are often the best way to make sure the benefits go directly into your skin.
Vitamin B (Thiamine)
Crucial for the maintenance of hair, skin and nails, this water-soluble form of Vitamin B is critical for repairing nerve damage and increasing circulation, both of which are important for skin rebuilding.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Riboflavin fights free radicals that might damage the skin, helps slow down the skin’s aging process and also provides the skin with moisture balance. A common sign of a low levels of Riboflavin include dry, cracked lips. Increasing your Riboflavin intake can help potentially fight disease.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Niancin has many benefits to help increase skin health. In addition to its ability to provide oxygen to the skin and increase its vitality, it is a powerful anti-inflammatory. When it comes to acne, Niancin reduces the bacteria that may reside in pores. There is also a strong moisturizing element that prevents water loss and increases the skin barrier function that helps minimize redness, decreases fine lines and wrinkles and helps prevent hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin B5 (Pantheol)
This version of Vitamin B helps reduce skin stress that may lead to difficult skin conditions such as Dermatitis, while helping the skin retain moisture and reducing the signs of aging. This ingredient’s particles are small enough to go to even the deepest layers of the skin and allows moisture to be absorbed at the source.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Pyridoxine aids in regulating the sodium and potassium levels in the body, which reduces the intense appearance of skin puffiness.
Vitamin B12 (Methylcobalamine)
This nutrient increases the growth of skin cells and helps increase their life span. In addition, it also gives skin healthy coloring that helps it look its best.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Vitamin C is vital for your skin’s health, and ascorbic acid is the most commonly used variety in skincare products. Vitamin C’s uses for anti-aging are varied, but the most common use for it is to help the skin increase production of collagen, the protein that keeps your skin looking youthful. In addition, Vitamin C has been found to help diminish fine lines, scars and wrinkles. Combining this vital nutrient with other vitamins, like Vitamin A, makes it even more effective, defending the skin against cancers such as actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma and protecting against the appearance of photo aging.
Vitamin E (Tocopheryl Acetate)
Vitamin E is vital for multiple skin functions, whether it’s protecting skin from harmful UV rays or partnering with other antioxidants to help them achieve their ultimate function. This fat-soluble antioxidant also helps your skin retain moisture while preventing stress on the skin from harsh outside elements.
With it composing two-thirds of our bodies, it makes sense that water is an ingredient that is commonly used in cosmetic products. Water is a commonly used solvent in the cosmetics industry, allowing the other ingredients in your skincare products to disperse evenly across your skin, so it they can be absorbed fully and evenly. However, this is different than the water you get from your sink faucet. It must adhere to the strictest microbiological standards to insure that no minerals or other particles in the water will interfere with the product, typically done through reverse osmosis or heat sterilization.
These sugars found in cell walls of plants such as oats and barley, can help moisturize sensitive skin and help in small wound repair. Studies have also shown that this soluble fiber can help in reducing the signs of aging while diminishing wrinkles.
The name is long, but this common ingredient is used in sunscreen to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays. Unlike other sunscreens, this ingredient protects against a wide spectrum of these harmful rays, hence its label as a “broad spectrum” sunscreen.
The antibacterial properties in this material make it perfect for skin care. Chitosan, partnered with Chitin, stays on the skin helping other ingredients bind together and allowing them to deeply penetrate and nourish the skin even at its core. It can also stimulate the growth of skin cells and help minimize the outer signs of aging.
Coconut Oil (Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride)
This intensely moisturizing natural oil helps go deep into the skin to provide moisture while calming irritation.
The naturally occurring protein component, Collagen accounts for about 30% of protein in the body. This material also helps maintain plumpness and limit the signs of aging in your skin. However, as we age we lose the natural collagen in our skin — about 1.5% each year after the age of 25, and it can be more if exposed to damaging elements like excessive sunlight and pollutants. Using Collagen topically can help replenish the Collagen lost due to natural causes and help prevent it from deteriorating even further in the future.
Commonly linked to B Vitamins, DMAE stabilizes the membranes of the skin to prevent age spots and protect from free radical damage. It has a firming effect on skin to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while boosting the power of the antioxidants around it. This makes this ingredient work hard in not only preventing the look of aging but making sure your skin remains healthy and beautiful.
Derived from a fungus, this acid is a by product of rice fermentation used in creating sake. It has a similar effect to Hydroquinone, which reduces the appearance of dark spots. It also helps reduce the production of Melanin. Studies have shown reducing Melanin helps lighten skin’s tone and helps pigment problems.
It may sound scary, but Hyaluronic Acid and its salt, Sodium Hyaluronate, are the keys to keeping skin moist and aiding in the production of collagen. Able to carry 1,000 times its weight in moisture, this acid is naturally produced deep under the surface of our skin and averts water loss while keeping skin firm. When the skin loses this due to the natural aging, it begins to lose its firmness and begins to droop, so it’s important to replenish. This acid is also helping in maintaining the natural collagen production in your skin.
This glucose moisturizer, naturally derived from corn sugar, allows the oil and water elements of cosmetic products to mix while going to deep into open pores to remove toxins as well as allowing increased moisture to enter. These processes increase the skin’s hydration and gives it a smooth, silky feeling.
This organic compound is often found in eye creams and helps eliminate dark pigments, making it ideal for removing dark circles.
Shea Butter (Butyrosperum Parkii)
This moisturizing ingredient contains Vitamin F, which is a fatty acid that boosts skin’s hydration. Shea butter is extracted from the fruit of the Shea tree, or Butyrosperum Parkii and also contains Vitamins A and E for reducing scarring while providing skin protection from damaging pollutants.
Caviar is a decadent and pricey delicacy. Now it is not just for food but is an effective ingredient in your skin care routine. Some Hollywood’s biggest stars have caused caviar skin care to become more popular. Caviar, or fish eggs, contains a high amount of nutrients including fatty acids, vitamins and other nutrients. This potent cocktail of ingredients works to prevent inflammation, protect from stressors and free radicals, and improve elasticity.
Diamonds are the hardest natural materials found on earth, in fact the word diamond originates from an ancient Greek word which means unbreakable. Diamonds are made into beautiful jewelry and a diamond ring signifies an upcoming wedding. But diamond jewelry isn’t the only useful application for diamonds. Diamonds are also used in the beauty and cosmetics industries. Some estheticians use tools with diamonds in them like diamond tipped wands used for microdermabrasion. In fact, diamond dust is becoming more and more popular ingredient in exfoliators. Diamond powder is considered to exfoliate very gently lending it perfectly to use in skin care products. The products aren’t only for estheticians use, skin care products with diamonds for consumers are rare but do exist. Diamond dust is also used as a brightener and “optical diffuser” making skin appear more radiant and blurring imperfections on the skin.
Gold has been used in healing and skin care since the time of the ancients. This metal has been revered throughout history with many rumors of royalties love for it flowing through time. Cleopatra was said to have slept in a gold mask to preserve her beauty. Chinese empresses were also drawn to the metal and included it in their beauty routines.
These days gold is becoming more popular in medical treatments. Since the early 1900s gold salts have been used to treat arthritis. Though there are now synthetic drugs available for the same treatments, gold is still used. Scientist are also now studying the application of gold for the treatment of cancer. It is believed that nanotechnology, a branch of science dealing with components smaller than 100 nanometers, can be used to deliver medicine more effectively to cancer patients. Traditional treatments like chemotherapy kill healthy cells along with cancer cells. Gold nanoparticles can be engineered to deliver and time release medicine to specific areas ensuring efficacy of treatment and reducing harmful side effects.
Gold has long been known for its anti-inflammatory properties. Colloidal gold, which is a suspension of gold in a liquid formula, is commonly used in skin care formulation. This is the same type of gold that is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. With the rise of nanotechnology cosmetics companies can use even smaller particles of gold in their colloidal formulas.
Gold has a multitude of reputed benefits including slowing the depletion of collagen and elastin in the skin, reducing the appearance of damaged skin and antioxidant properties. Though these benefits are being studied by scientists, we know one thing for sure – gold is the ultimate in skin care indulgence. Many of the world’s top spas offer facials with gold infused products or even gold facials with actual gold leaf.
Mother of Pearl
Pearls also have a long history of use in beauty and skin care routines, stretching back to the Ming Dynasty of ancient China and the Inca Empire. The last empress of China was known to consume pearl powder as part of her beauty regime. She was buried with a large black pearl in her mouth to honor her. These days pearl powder is still commonly used in skin care all over Asia. Pearl powder has multiple benefits including lightening and brightening skin, reducing blemishes, softening the skin, and reducing wrinkles.